昂立教育 > 項目總攬 > 中高考 > 中高考新聞 > 寶山卷 | 攻克2020高考一模十大難關,這些考題你都會嗎?(第二期)

寶山卷 | 攻克2020高考一模十大難關,這些考題你都會嗎?(第二期)

發布時間:2020-01-06 作者:昂立外語 來源于:昂立外語網站
  
2020上海高三一模正如火如荼
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第二期 | 2020寶山區一模十大難關
 
難關1-3,語法填空(節選) 
Finally in 1914, the president made it official. He declared that each second Sunday in May (23) _____ (dedicate) to thanking the nation’s mothers.
Mexico celebrated its first official Mother’s Day on May 10, 1922. May 10th became their annual holiday because the country preferred a fixed date to (26) _____ that changed.
 
But why do we honor our mothers? Many moms lovingly dedicate their lives to their children. Moms sacrifice time, sleep and often their own dreams. Moms try to provide a strong foundation (28) _____ _____ children can build their lives.
答案
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23. would be dedicated
26. one
28. so that / on which
 
解析
23. 本句考查賓語從句的時態和語態。dedicate解釋為奉獻,致力于,根據句意理解,應該填被動語態的形式。主句He declared that…是一般過去時,declare宣稱,所以是將來會發生的事情,要用過去將來時,因此填would be dedicated。
 
26. 本題難度較大。prefer sth. to sth. 固定搭配,a fixed date解釋為固定日期,“_____ that changed”指比起變化的日期更喜歡固定的日期,需要填寫一個代詞,因此填one。
 
28. 根據句意,媽媽們努力為了孩子們的生活打下堅實的基礎。,可以填so that,為目的狀語從句。也可以填on which,為定語從句,從句children can build their lives不缺成分,需要填一個關系副詞,而因為本題有兩個空,關系副詞=介詞+關系代詞,先行詞為foundation,和on搭配,因此填on which。
 
 難關4-5,完型(節選)
 
Monaco Grand Prix
The air is fresh with the heat of early summer as you arrive in the beautiful country of Monaco on the day of the race. Your      41      (ride) to the Monte-Carlo neighborhood is bursting with color as classic styles of European architecture catch your eye. When you reach the race course area, you are led to the harbor where you will watch the race from the    42    of a friend’s yacht (游艇). Soon, the Formula One cars will pull onto the starting point and the race will begin.
 
Indianapolis 500
On race day the grandstands (大看臺) are filled with excitement as you enter the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. You find your seat,   48   yourself against the harsh heat and marvel at the huge black oval (橢圓形的) track below. Moments later, a fleet of Indy Cars rolls onto the track,   49   (arranging) themselves in 11 neat rows of three. The sound of 33 turning engines rings in your ears, and you cheer with the crowd as the powerful cars take off from the starting line.
Monaco Grand Prix 摩納哥大獎賽
Indianapolis 500印第安納波利斯500英里大賽
印第安納波利斯500大獎賽已成為與摩納哥大獎賽和勒芒24小時耐力賽并列的世界三大汽車大獎賽。
答案
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42. A ;48. D
 
解析:
42. A. bottom首先排除,不可能從游艇底部觀看比賽,position位置,direction方向,語法上并沒有錯誤。但是comfort強調通過痛苦的事情或長途跋涉后得到緩解所感到的舒適,與之前的ride相呼應。介詞短語from the comfort of sth. ...舒適的環境下。此選項為最佳答案。
 
48. D. 根據against the harsh heat 可以判斷用動詞fan, 表示扇動以此來給自己降溫,fight against“...作斗爭邏輯上成立,但是后面的賓語是yourself, 意思不通順。Drawpush用在這里意思都不對。另外,marvel at the huge black oval track表示被賽道的宏大震驚,fan在這里引申為自己壓壓驚。并且這里fan要用現在分詞,作伴隨狀語。
 
難關6:閱讀A篇(節選)
Anyone can help Wild Track by taking images of tracks and sending them to a partner organization called naturalist.org. The only tool you need is a digital camera or cellphone. After finding a clear track, place one ruler along the bottom of the footprint and another along the left side. Below the footprint, place a note containing your exact name and the date. Holding the camera or cellphone directly above the track, take a photo showing the footprint, rulers and note. Later, visit inaturalist.org and follow the instructions on the site to send your photo.
58. What does this article talk about in detail?
 
A. A list of locations worth exploring
B. A strategy for acquiring equipment
C. A warning not to engage in hunting
D. A technique containing several steps
 
答案
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58. D
 
解析:
58. D】第三段。詳細描述了如何追蹤拍攝野生動物足跡:找到一條清晰的軌跡后,將一把尺子放在腳印的底部,另一把放在腳印的左側。在腳印下面放一張紙條,寫上你的確切姓名和日期。拿著相機或手機直接在軌道上方,拍下足跡、尺子和筆記的照片。之后,訪問inaturalist.org,按照網站上的說明發送你的照片。所以選D.包含幾個步驟的技術。沒有提到A.值得探索的地點列表B.獲取設備的策略C.禁止打獵的警告。
 難關7:閱讀C篇(節選)
 
The millimeter waves used in 5G are absorbed by the upper layers of skin, potentially causing the temperature of the skin to rise, said Suresh Borkar, senior lecturer in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Illinois Institute of Technology. The effects of extended rises in skin temperature “become a big unknown,” he said. 
 
64. What can be inferred from the passage?
 
A.Millimeter waves certainly affect people’s health seriously.
B.Millimeter waves will cause the skin’s temperature to rise.
C.It’s obvious that many scientists object to 5G technology.
D.It’s hard to say whether millimeter waves do damage to health.
答案
點擊下方空白處獲得答案
64. D
解析:
本文選自McKinsey & Company麥肯錫咨詢公司的文章Are you ready for 5G?探討了5G帶了更高更快更強網絡便利的同時對健康問題的探討。
 
64. 細節推理題,答案為【D】。A、C選項均不能由文中內容得出結論,故排除。此題看到第3個小標題下第3The millimeter waves used in 5G are absorbed by the upper layers of skin, potentially causing the temperature of the skin to rise易誤選為B,但要注意文中使用的是potentially(可能地),而B選項用的是肯定的表達。同時,后文提到The effects of extended rises in skin temperature “become a big unknown,”以及This isn’t the first time people will come into contact with millimeter waves可得知D選項正確。
 
難關8:概要寫作 
向上滑動閱覽
 
①People choose to become entrepreneurs (創業者) for a wide variety of reasons. One important reason is, of course, financial reward. If you own your own business and it becomes successful, you can reap huge financial rewards. And as an entrepreneur, dependent on how much your boss decides to give you; it’s limited only by the success of your business. And speaking of bosses, not having a supervisor is another major advantage of becoming an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurs are often independent thinkers who want to be in charge of projects, rather than having others tell them what to do. They often have big dreams that they want to pursue rather than making someone else’s dream come true. For many entrepreneurs, starting a business is a way of solving a problem or helping people receive something they need. It’s a way to change the world for the better.
②Being an entrepreneur isn’t easy, however, nor is it always fun. Entrepreneurs often have to work long hours, especially early on when they’re trying to get their businesses off the ground. That’s the reason entrepreneurs need to have a strong work ethic (倫理). Employees can work 40 hours a week and then stop, but for an entrepreneur, there’s no end in sight.
③That’s why another feature of successful entrepreneurs is passion; they have to be excited about what they’re doing to be willing to work hard for it. Entrepreneurs also need good communication skills to pass on that passion to others. That’s important for finding investors, getting people to buy products and attracting employees.
④Entrepreneurs also need to be creative people who are able to find solutions to problems they encounter. This is important from the very beginning, when the entrepreneur comes up with an initial concept of a business. But even after that initial step, creative thinking is continually necessary to adapt to changing situations and to solve problems that come up. 
答案
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This passage is about the advantages and challenges of starting a business. On one hand, a boss can get financial rewards and independence avoiding control from others. On the other hand, a boss must have passion for his own business, good communication skills and creative thinking, which can help him solve problems.  (52 words)
 
解析:
本文是描述創業者所擁有的優勢以及成為創業者所需的一些條件。全篇脈絡比較清晰,即每個觀點提出后緊跟著就此觀點展開描述。其中多運用邏輯連接詞把各個觀點串起來,轉成起伏明顯。同學們只需要在閱讀過程劃分每個中心句及其論據,即可把握全篇。
 
抓中心句及論據關鍵詞:
Para 1:
one important reason us financial reward.
not having a supervisor is another major advantage
-independent thinkers 
-have big dreams that they want to pursue
Para 2:
being an entrepreneur isn’t easy, however, nor is it always fun
-work long hours
-have a strong work ethic 
Para 3:
another feature of successful is entrepreneurs is passion.
need communication skills 
Para 4:
entrepreneurs need to be creative people to solve problems before after initial step.
 
【關鍵詞整合】
This passage is about the advantages and necessary abilities that an entrepreneur has to start his own business. As an entrepreneur his will not only receive a good financial reward but become an independent thinker to take charge of the project and to realize his dream as well. However, his must endure the long working hours, have a strong work concept and be creative enough to solve the problems before and after the initial step. Meanwhile, he must be full of passion and be good at communicating with others. 89words
 
【二次整合】
This passage is about the advantages and necessary abilities that an entrepreneur has to start his own business. He will receive a good financial reward and avoid controlling by others. Passion, good communication skills and creativity are indispensable, which will help him to solve problems. Meanwhile, his must endure the long working hours and have a strong work concept. 59words
 
難關9:翻譯
 
73. 只有發展好、運用好、治理好互聯網,才能使其更好地造福人類。(Only)
答案
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73. Only by developing, using and governing the internet well can it better benefit mankind.
 
解析:
只有............”固定翻譯為only...can...。另外,此句重點考查Only+介詞短語置于句首,后邊緊跟的句子要用部分倒裝的形式。Only后邊用什么介詞,可以考慮用by doing,表示通過某種方式、方法。三個并列詞組發展好、運用好、治理好可以共享一個副詞well。最后一個詞組更好造福人類,可以翻譯為better benefit mankind。
 
難關10:大作文
 
假如你是紅星中學高三年級的學生,你的英語老師在作文批閱時經常采用學生自批,學生互批或教師批閱(或集體批閱或面批)的方式。請就此情況通過微信和英語老師溝通一下,談談你的看法。
你的文章必須包括:
 
1. 你喜歡哪種方式?為什么?
2. 提出你認為可以提高作文批閱效率的合理化建議并給出理由。
注意:請勿透露本人真實姓名和學校名稱。
 
題目分析:
拿到這樣一篇要求的作文,需要迅速抓住幾個要點來進行審題,確保自己后續的寫作不偏題。這篇作文的幾個要點為:1. 作文批閱 2. 題目列出的幾種批閱方式 3. 就此情況通過微信和老師溝通 4. 內容包括喜歡哪種方式和理由;提出提高批改效率的合理化建議和理由。寫這篇文章的難度在于題干要求通過微信進行溝通,因此要注意書寫格式,要符合微信溝通的模式;另外,從學生角度去建議老師如何更高效地批改作文,并給出理由,這個話題是大多數學生容易忽視的領域,需要將論點和論據緊密聯系,建議先列好提綱。
 
范文:
Dear teacher,
In the recent semesters, our compositions have been assessed in different ways. In this process, my writing skills in developing the contents coherently and effectively and enriching my opinions with advanced words and expressions have improved.Among the methods that you use to correct our compositions, in my opinion, the most effective one is the teacher-student correction. First and foremost, I am able to understand the point where I misuse any words or expressions in that your red marks mark my mistakes on my white notebook — quite alarming and striking. Moreover, it will be a lot easier for me to have your attention to my academic inquiries, which facilitate you to guide me further on writing compositions.Like an old saying goes ‘people prefer to go to high, water seeks its own level’, from my perspective, there are always something to be enhanced in terms of the way our compositions are evaluated. To begin with, our assignment could be handed in each time we complete with it, after which, as a teacher, you point out our less effective expressions and other problems in every aspect. What comes next is that we exchange our assignment with our desk mates and discuss how to polish our writing both based on your suggestions and newly found problems. At last, we rewrite and take in what we have learned during the process. Only through being little teachers can we really learn from our mistakes as well as learn with our peers. Creative work could hardly be perfect without revising over and over again, the process of which is sometimes quite enjoyable. To conclude, the aim of my suggestion is to learn the English writing skills more effectively and interestingly. Through the approaches, we are given an opportunity to understand what we are lack of as well as how to embellish our writing. Be it the structure or the language, I hope our writing will soon go from strength to strength.
 
Yours Sincerely,
Li Ming 340字)
 
考場推薦長度180-220 
 
結合考試政策和動態
昂立外語·昂立語數開設國內優培課程
涵蓋綜合鞏固、單項突破、沖刺強化
幫助孩子更理想地備考與騰飛
 
綜合鞏固
 
高中優培必備班
結合了牛津及新世紀高一兩本主要公校教材。涵蓋語法、多主題閱讀、聽力、概要寫作訓練等,旨在打基礎,提分數。
 
高中優培超越班
融合了牛津及新世紀高二兩本主要公校教材。涵蓋語法學習、閱讀強化訓練和拓展,聽力難度提高,涉及部分大學四六級內容;同步提升概要寫作和大作文寫作技巧。
   
單項突破
高中英語 語法班、閱讀班、寫作班、聽說班、外刊閱讀班,針對薄弱英語模塊進行強化點睛,查漏補缺。
   沖刺強化
 
六月高考沖刺班
針對高考真題題型展開,每個章節涵蓋對應考題的技巧分析、真題演練和全真模擬,系統地幫助學生沖刺高考,助力高分。
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